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4. Hughey, S. Morgan, et al. (2021). “Frequency of neighborhood park use is associated with physical activity among adults in four US cities.” Journal of physical activity and health 18.5 (2021): 603-609.
5. Giles-Corti, Billie, et al. “Increasing walking: how important is distance to, attractiveness, and size of public open space?” American Journal of Preventive Medicine 28.2 (2005): 169-176.
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9. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. (2018). Urban Nature for Human Health and Well-Being. FS-1096. Washington, D.C.
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14. NRPA, 2021 NRPA Agency Performance Review.
15. NRPA, Advancing Community Health and Well-Being.
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17. Active Living Research. Making the Case for Designing Active Cities.
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20. Larson, Lincoln R., Viniece Jennings, and Scott A. Cloutier. “Public parks and wellbeing in urban areas of the United States.” PLoS One 11.4 (2016): e0153211.
21. NRPA, 2021 NRPA Out-Of-School Time Report
22. NRPA, 2021 NRPA Agency Performance Review.
23. NRPA, Youth Sports at Park and Recreation Agencies report
24. NRPA, 2018 NRPA Out-of-School Time Report
25. Bowers, Edmond P., Lincoln R. Larson, and Benjamin J. Parry. “Nature as an Ecological Asset for Positive Youth Development: Empirical Evidence From Rural Communities.” Frontiers in Psychology 12 (2021): 2159.
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27. NRPA, Connecting Youth to Nature Survey
28. DeVille, Nicole V., et al. “Time Spent in Nature Is Associated with Increased Pro-Environmental Attitudes and Behaviors.” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18.14 (2021): 7498.
29. Strife, Susan, and Liam Downey. “Childhood development and access to nature: A new direction for environmental inequality research.” Organization & Environment 22.1 (2009): 99-122. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21874103/
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31. Razani, Nooshin, et al. “Clinic and park partnerships for childhood resilience: A prospective study of park prescriptions.” Health & place 57 (2019): 179-185.
32. NRPA, The Economic Impact of Parks
33. Bureau of Economic Analysis. (2021). Outdoor Recreation Satellite Account, U.S. and States, 2020.
34. U.S. Census Bureau. Annual Survey of Public Employment & Payroll (ASPEP) 2020.
35. Gambale, Geraldine. (2021). “35th Annual Corporate Survey: Effects of Global Pandemic Reflected in Executives’ Site and Facility Plans.” Areas Development Magazine.
36. NRPA, Promoting Parks and Recreation’s Role in Economic Development
37. Crompton, John L. and Nicholls, Sarah. (2020). “Impact on property values of distance to parks and open spaces: An update of U.S. studies in the new millennium.” Journal of Leisure Research, 51:2, 127-146.
38. NRPA, Workforce Development and Career Exploration at Parks and Recreation
39. NRPA, 2019 Engagement with Parks Report
40. September 2019 NRPA Park Pulse
41. Leavell, M. A., et al. “Nature-based social prescribing in urban settings to improve social connectedness and mental well-being: a review.” Current Environmental Health Reports 6.4 (2019): 297-308.
42. NRPA, 2020 NRPA Engagement with Parks Report
43. October 2020 NRPA Park Pulse
44. 2021 Park Metrics data
45. April 2021 NRPA Park Pulse
46. NRPA, Greener Parks for Health Communications Toolkit
47. Nowak, David, and Gordon Heisler. (2010). Air quality effects of urban trees and parks. Research Series Monograph. NRPA. 44 p. (2010): 1-44.
48. Tempesta, Tiziano. “Benefits and costs of urban parks: A review.” Aestimum (2015): 127-143.
49. Villeneuve, Paul J., et al. “A cohort study relating urban green space with mortality in Ontario, Canada.” Environmental Research 115 (2012): 51-58.
50. Hartig, Terry, et al. “Associations between greenspace and mortality vary across contexts of community change: a longitudinal ecological study.” Journal of Epidemiol Community Health 74.6 (2020): 534-540.